Wednesday, June 3, 2020

Critical Reflection of Theories of Education - 825 Words

Critical Reflection of Theories of Education (Term Paper Sample) Content: Transformative and Critical PerspectivesTheories of EducationA Reflection PaperName of UniversityStudentà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s Name:Supervisorà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s Name:Course:Course Code:Due Date: DATE \@ "d MMMM yyyy" 24 October 2015Transformative and Critical Perspectives/Theories of Education: A Reflection PaperFocusing on the transformative and critical perspectives of education, the paper provides a brief and succinct reflection of the two theoretical approaches to learning, comparatively. Mezirow pioneered the transformational learning approach in 1975 (and subsequently in 1978), when reviewing adult education, asserting that people make or develop meaning of the world from and or through their experiences (Cranton King, 2003). Soon thereafter, Freire proposed the critical pedagogy where education is conceived as critical learning modeled to empower the poor, abused, illiterate, and exploited populations to challenge the norms and inspire positive social change. This paper rev iews the core elements of both of these approaches in practice and application, compares them, ultimately terminating with a conclusion on the experiences of the present scholar during practice, and as it emerged, within the constraints of ethical conduct as an educator.To begin with, several scholars have proposed significant hypotheses on the transformative learning perspective. Specializing in adult education, Merriam, Caffarella and Baumgartner (2007) reviews Mezirowà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s 10-phase Psychocritical approach to transformative leaning. According to the scholars, Mezirowà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s Psychocritical approach has prompted immense research and scholarship on transformative leaning, pioneering in contextualizing transformative leaning with a step-by-step/phased understanding beginning with (a) experience, followed by (b) critical reflection, through (c) reflective discourse and ultimately terminating in (d) action (Merriam, Caffarella, Baumgartner, 2007). What Mezirow proposes is a transformative process of learning where learners necessarily reflects on their experiences, interacts with others from a specific worldview, gains increased competence to make the best possible judgments, and ultimately justifies the influential template from which to act though with from a more developed understanding/perspective (Merriam, Caffarella, Baumgartner, 2007, p. 137).In agreement, Merriam, Caffarella and Baumgartner (2007) provide an illustrative case study of how transformative learning changed the priorities of Geri, whose cancer diagnosis changed Geri perspective from material possessions (size and location of a house, a dream car and a career as a partner in a law firm) to valuing the role of friends and family. For Geri, the experience of the realities emerged from cancer diagnosis, triggering critical reflection of what she valued more in life, reflecting on her priorities so far, opting to act from the new understanding. Geri exemplifies transformational learn ing that progresses from experience, through reflection to a changed approach when acting (Merriam, Caffarella, Baumgartner, 2007, p. 130). A similar argument can also be deduced from transformation learning from a philosophical socio-cultural approach as proposed by Freire in Brazil. While Mezirow reviewed the personal transformational learning of "white, middle-class women," Freire reviewed transformational learning as the antigen of "radical social change" within a "context of poverty, illiteracy, and oppression" (Merriam, Caffarella, Baumgartner, 2007, p. 140). Yet while differing in the operationalization of their theories, Mezirow and Freire concur in the progressive process of experience, exploration, reflection, and action as a personà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s of societyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s worldview/perspective changes with continued enlightenment.Derivatively, the foregoing understanding of transformational learning as proposed by Merriam, Caffarella, and Baumgartner (2007) provokes a conside ration of the roles of the learners and educators in the transformative learning process. According to Cranton and King (2003), the transformative approach requires educators to "understand what they do and why they do it, à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ to incorporate activities that foster content, process, and premise reflection" (p. 34). Modern educatorsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ role is to inspire their learners to experience, critically reflect and acknowledge newer and more-informed decisions that shape their social, political and economic actions "through practice and modeling" (p. 35). The learners on the other hand, approach the transformational learning process with an active self-developed role. According to Cranton and King (2003), the core role of learners is critical reflection of the experience and the "application of their learning" to real-life contexts (p. 36).Contemporary theories, approaches, and perspectives on learning have also proposed critical learning model. Magro (2001) reviews Freireà ¢Ã ¢â€š ¬s critical pedagogy where education is conceived as a "critique of education authoritarianism a commitment to challenge inequality and injustice at all levels" (p. 87). While Mezirow conceived transformational learning as a personal development, Freire proposed critical learning that empowers the poor, abused, illiterate, and exploited populations to challenge the norms and inspire social change. Foley (2001) asserts that adult education in contemporary contexts needs to embrace "self-directed learning, facilitation, democratic pedagogy, learning in hegemonic struggle, learning in social action, critical pedagogy" in a manner that enables learners to positively transform their societies (p. 71). Freireà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s transformation enables and empowers individuals to question the norm, validate contemporary knowledge, reflect on traditional premises, and initiate positive social change. Indeed, Pratt (2002) concurs that educators and learners are directed to "reflect critically o n the underlying assumptions and values that give direction and justification to their work" (p. 14), where critical learning denotes learning as a "means of promoting critical thinking" (p. 6). A critical learning educator enables and encoura... Critical Reflection of Theories of Education - 825 Words Critical Reflection of Theories of Education (Term Paper Sample) Content: Transformative and Critical PerspectivesTheories of EducationA Reflection PaperName of UniversityStudentà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s Name:Supervisorà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s Name:Course:Course Code:Due Date: DATE \@ "d MMMM yyyy" 24 October 2015Transformative and Critical Perspectives/Theories of Education: A Reflection PaperFocusing on the transformative and critical perspectives of education, the paper provides a brief and succinct reflection of the two theoretical approaches to learning, comparatively. Mezirow pioneered the transformational learning approach in 1975 (and subsequently in 1978), when reviewing adult education, asserting that people make or develop meaning of the world from and or through their experiences (Cranton King, 2003). Soon thereafter, Freire proposed the critical pedagogy where education is conceived as critical learning modeled to empower the poor, abused, illiterate, and exploited populations to challenge the norms and inspire positive social change. This paper rev iews the core elements of both of these approaches in practice and application, compares them, ultimately terminating with a conclusion on the experiences of the present scholar during practice, and as it emerged, within the constraints of ethical conduct as an educator.To begin with, several scholars have proposed significant hypotheses on the transformative learning perspective. Specializing in adult education, Merriam, Caffarella and Baumgartner (2007) reviews Mezirowà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s 10-phase Psychocritical approach to transformative leaning. According to the scholars, Mezirowà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s Psychocritical approach has prompted immense research and scholarship on transformative leaning, pioneering in contextualizing transformative leaning with a step-by-step/phased understanding beginning with (a) experience, followed by (b) critical reflection, through (c) reflective discourse and ultimately terminating in (d) action (Merriam, Caffarella, Baumgartner, 2007). What Mezirow proposes is a transformative process of learning where learners necessarily reflects on their experiences, interacts with others from a specific worldview, gains increased competence to make the best possible judgments, and ultimately justifies the influential template from which to act though with from a more developed understanding/perspective (Merriam, Caffarella, Baumgartner, 2007, p. 137).In agreement, Merriam, Caffarella and Baumgartner (2007) provide an illustrative case study of how transformative learning changed the priorities of Geri, whose cancer diagnosis changed Geri perspective from material possessions (size and location of a house, a dream car and a career as a partner in a law firm) to valuing the role of friends and family. For Geri, the experience of the realities emerged from cancer diagnosis, triggering critical reflection of what she valued more in life, reflecting on her priorities so far, opting to act from the new understanding. Geri exemplifies transformational learn ing that progresses from experience, through reflection to a changed approach when acting (Merriam, Caffarella, Baumgartner, 2007, p. 130). A similar argument can also be deduced from transformation learning from a philosophical socio-cultural approach as proposed by Freire in Brazil. While Mezirow reviewed the personal transformational learning of "white, middle-class women," Freire reviewed transformational learning as the antigen of "radical social change" within a "context of poverty, illiteracy, and oppression" (Merriam, Caffarella, Baumgartner, 2007, p. 140). Yet while differing in the operationalization of their theories, Mezirow and Freire concur in the progressive process of experience, exploration, reflection, and action as a personà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s of societyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s worldview/perspective changes with continued enlightenment.Derivatively, the foregoing understanding of transformational learning as proposed by Merriam, Caffarella, and Baumgartner (2007) provokes a conside ration of the roles of the learners and educators in the transformative learning process. According to Cranton and King (2003), the transformative approach requires educators to "understand what they do and why they do it, à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ to incorporate activities that foster content, process, and premise reflection" (p. 34). Modern educatorsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ role is to inspire their learners to experience, critically reflect and acknowledge newer and more-informed decisions that shape their social, political and economic actions "through practice and modeling" (p. 35). The learners on the other hand, approach the transformational learning process with an active self-developed role. According to Cranton and King (2003), the core role of learners is critical reflection of the experience and the "application of their learning" to real-life contexts (p. 36).Contemporary theories, approaches, and perspectives on learning have also proposed critical learning model. Magro (2001) reviews Freireà ¢Ã ¢â€š ¬s critical pedagogy where education is conceived as a "critique of education authoritarianism a commitment to challenge inequality and injustice at all levels" (p. 87). While Mezirow conceived transformational learning as a personal development, Freire proposed critical learning that empowers the poor, abused, illiterate, and exploited populations to challenge the norms and inspire social change. Foley (2001) asserts that adult education in contemporary contexts needs to embrace "self-directed learning, facilitation, democratic pedagogy, learning in hegemonic struggle, learning in social action, critical pedagogy" in a manner that enables learners to positively transform their societies (p. 71). Freireà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s transformation enables and empowers individuals to question the norm, validate contemporary knowledge, reflect on traditional premises, and initiate positive social change. Indeed, Pratt (2002) concurs that educators and learners are directed to "reflect critically o n the underlying assumptions and values that give direction and justification to their work" (p. 14), where critical learning denotes learning as a "means of promoting critical thinking" (p. 6). A critical learning educator enables and encoura...

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Literature Review Analysis Of Online Social Networks

Literature Review: Analysis of online social networks Sai Sri Mahathi Potturi CSC 540A, Fall 2014 Date: 10-29-2014 Introduction: Social networks are largely organized around users, unlike the web: The web is organized around the content. The participating users join a network, publish their profile and content about themselves and links are usually created to other users with whom they connect with. This will result in a social network providing a foundation for maintaining social relationships by finding other people with similar interests, for locating content that has been endorsed by other users. Facebook, Youtube, Orkut, Flickr, MySpace, Cyworld, LiveJournal etc have exploded in popularity at some point and some of them still continue to remain popular. Similar to these, some online companies deal with buying and selling of products proved to be very successful and have contributed a lot to the success of online networking. Product reviews on Amazon and the reputation mechanism of Ebay contributed to the growth structure of online social networks. Owing to these success stories, social networking has beco me a subject for many start-up companies offering promising return on interest. Online social networks have been present since the beginning of Internet, though not in the conventional sense. For example, a social network is formed by the graph that is formed from the exchange of messages between email users. Many popular social networking sites rely on the idea ofShow MoreRelatedStimulus And Brand Selection1125 Words   |  5 Pagesthe available literature on the association of stimulus and brand selection. The present study measured the stimulus and its impact on brand selection or purchase decision in the Indian online retail. To assess this relationship, different models have been designed to investigate and measure the stimulus. For investigation purposes, a qualitative model has been developed and presented in Chapters earlier. This model prioritized the various factors of stimulus in context of the online retail. NextRead Moreimpact of social networking sites1577 Words   |  7 Pagesï » ¿ IMPACT OF SOCIAL NETWORKING AMONG STUDENTS A STUDY OF NTHMC KRISHNA MAN SHRESTHA Symbol no. 12030706 P.U registration no: 2011-2-03-2065 Nepal Tourism and Hotel Management College (N.T.H.M.C) Business Management Center (B.M.C) Submitted for the degree of: Bachelor of Business Administration (B.B.A) Pokhara, Kaski, Nepal 2013 TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER- I INTRODUCTIONRead MoreResearch Frameworks Used For Mining And Summarization Are Been Search By People For Gathering The More And More Information Essay1701 Words   |  7 Pageswell as online audits and sites are getting to be more important assets for patients. Patients read online reviews, blogs and discussion forum ideas to get information from other patients with similar condition. Reviews of medication from patients are largely available on the internet. Partitioning data from these significant collections of writings is helpful in testing. Extracting these huge medical data is challenging. In this survey paper, various research frameworks in drugs reviews are analyzedRead MoreThe Impact Of Internet On Computer And Communication World1531 Words   |  7 Pagesdecade, we saw an increasing number of online services and applications hosted on the Web. Recently, the deployment of Web 2.0 has yet again changed and enhanced the Internet experience. The creation of Web 2.0, which emphasise on user-generated contents, usability and interoperability have turned former online information readers into information producers. The main feature of Web 2.0 is the ability to allow users to interact with one another in a social media network (o Reilly 2009). The most apparentRead MoreThe Importance Of Online Reviews, Sentiments, And Promotion Strategies880 Words   |  4 PagesNovember 2014. We have been working on several research projects across the year, and I have managed to co-author a research paper with him recently. The paper is entitled ‘Predicting the role of online reviews, sentiments, and promotion strategies in product sales: A big data architecture and neural network approach’ and had been accepted in the International Journal of Operations and Production Management (ABS level 4). In this particular paper we tried to utilise a new novel ways in which a big dataRead MoreHow Do Wechat Affect Consumer Purchasing Behaviour On Beauty Produ cts1100 Words   |  5 Pages1. Introduction Nowadays, social media and Internet became part of daily life. People spend more and more time going online. Many daily activities shifted to online, for example, online shopping, communicate with friends or relatives via social media or messaging app, share feelings and thoughts on social media platforms etc. In this paper, the aim is to investigate how do WeChat affect the consumer purchasing behaviour on beauty products in China. In 2013, China surpassed US to become the biggestRead MoreClassification Based On User Using Facebook Based Profile Implementation Essay1539 Words   |  7 PagesA Review of Classification Based on User Using Facebook Based Profile Implementation Jeevan Pisal1, Nikhil Tanpure1, Rahul Hinge1, Aniket Potdar1 Dept. of Computer Engineering, Bhivarabai Sawant Institute Of Technology and Reasearch, Wagholi, Pune, India 1 Mrs. Sonali A. Patil Asst. Professor inDept. of Computer Engineering, JSPM’s, Bhivarabai Sawant Institute Of Technology and Reasearch, Wagholi, Pune, india Abstract: Social Networking Portal like Facebook attracts more and more illegalRead MoreUsing Online Crowdfunding Platforms And Social Media1067 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction: Methods for sourcing donations have evolved dramatically in recent years through the use of online crowdfunding platforms and social media. Crowdfunding is defined by Oxford dictionary as the practice of funding a project or venture by raising small amounts of money from a large number of people, typically via the Internet. Examples of popular crowdfunding methods are Facebook’s â€Å"Donate Now† button along with standalone donation platforms such as Gofundme, Kickstarter, Crowdrise, SpotRead MoreThe Factors Affecting The Profiles Of Students Pursuit Of Higher Education962 Words   |  4 PagesThis literature review explores the factors affecting the profiles of students in pursuit of higher education specifically partaking in e-learning opportunities. This is done in two parts outlined below. A. Analysis of studies on importance of perceived characteristics of e-learning ; B. Exploring the strength of obstacles to e-earning on the student market. This research was driven by the following research questions: A. What are the determining factors in decision making for students to participateRead MoreDetermining The Data Collection Tools823 Words   |  4 Pagesto an understanding of the case, and answers the research questions. An important point of the case study method involves using multiple data collection; interviews, document reviews, collection of physical artifacts, and archival records. The data collection method the researcher will use in this study is document review. Step 6: Determine the data collection tools. During the design phase of case study research, the researcher determines what approaches to use in selecting single or multiple

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Young Years of Queen Victoria Essay - 3519 Words

The Young Years of Queen Victoria Victoria was born on a spring day, May 24th, 1819, at Kensington Palace, in the then quiet suburb of London. Plumb as a partridge was her fathers description of the baby, and she certainly bore a marked resemblance to her sturdy and robust Hanoverian ancestors who had ruled Great Britain for little more than a century at the time of her birth. By 1798 Victorias grandfather, King George III, had reigned for nearly sixty years, but he was now old and feeble. The symptoms of his terrible illness, porphyria, seemed to his doctors to be those of madness, and for years the King had be confined in Windsor Castle while his eldest son, George, Prince of Wales, ruled in his stead. Victorias father,†¦show more content†¦In the summer of 1818, Edward brought his bride to England, but then, after a few months in London society, it was back to Amorbach and the familiar daily round, for the Duke was so burdened with debts that he could not afford to keep up appearances as a royal individual in England. But he was determined that his child should be born in his native land, and by borrowing from his long-suffering friends, he managed to bring his wife back to England in time for the babys birth. Edward was not disappointed that the baby was a girl and not the long-hoped-for male heir: I am decidedly of the opinion that the decrees of Providence are at all times the wisest and the best, he wrote to a friend. A month after her birth, the Kent baby was baptized. After much debate in the royal family she was named Alexandrina Victoria, after her chief godfather, the Russian Tsar Alexander, and her mother. The name Victoria: was then completely unknown in England, though it had long been in use in the forms Victoire and Victoria on the Continent. For the first few years the child was known as Drina, but in one of her first copy-books is the name Victoria by which she came to be known in later childhood. Despite the fact that the Kents had married for convenience their union proved remarkably happy. Edward had never known the comforts of a settled home in England, nor had he ever enjoyed so much approval fromShow MoreRelatedInfluence on the Royal and Victorian Crowns1180 Words   |  5 Pagesstyles, colors, and materials can often depict different levels and styles of reign, as well as the style of the times. Over the years, they have become more valued in a monarchy, especially the British Monarchy. Crowns did not always look like they do today, for many changes in styles and design have occurred throughout history. A leader in this design was Queen Victoria of England. She wore many beautiful crowns during her extensive reign, and this inspired the present day value of crowns insideRead MoreQueen Victoria Aimee Wilkinson Queen1600 Words   |  7 PagesQueen Victoria Aimee Wilkinson Queen Victoria was a strong female figure of the 18th century, leading into the 19th. She was born to rule and was the longest serving British monarch and ruled for almost 64 years. She created the Victorian period, led battles, created her own rules, and lived a family life. Princess Alexandrina Victoria was born on May 24th, 1819 in London. She was the only child of Edward, (Duke of Kent, 4th son of GeorgeRead MoreEssay on Queen Victoria1494 Words   |  6 Pages Queen Victoria   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Is it Georgiana Charlotte Augusta Alexandrina Victoria or just Alexandrina Victoria? Queen Victoria was born at Kensington Palace, London on May 24, 1819. She was the only child of Edward, the fourth son of King George III, and Victoria Mary Louise, the daughter of a German Duke. It was planed that the duke and duchess were to name their daughter Georgiana Charlotte Augusta Alexandrina Victoria but Prince Regent refused to have his name (George) nor his daughters name (CharlotteRead MoreQueen Victoria and Her Influence on British Society Essay1752 Words   |  8 PagesIn the year 1819, one of Britain’s greatest monarchs was born. Her name was Alexandrina Victoria. (Price-Groff 13) She would be remembered for the young age at which she inherited the throne, but also for the confidence expressed in learning to master the techniques of ruling justly. When Victoria became Queen, England was already a constitutional monarchy. Government policies (laws) we re made by the lawmakers and Prime Minister of Parliament, who were elected by the people. Because of theRead MoreQueen Victoria Essay1752 Words   |  8 PagesIn 1837 queen Victoria started her reign as queen of England. She affected the whole world with the political decisions that she made while queen. But these decisions were dictated by things that started the day she was born and even during her reign as queen. Many people don’t really know much about Queen Victoria so they can ask why is your political leader worth studying? What has changed because of her being queen? What lead her and motivated her to make the choices she made? All of these thingsRead MoreThe Elizabethan Age And The Victorian Age1611 Words   |  7 Pagesor to explore the Victorian Age which lasted for nearly sixty-four years, wherein the British Empire reached the height of its wealth and power?’ The indecision of choosing either Age, both important in the history of Britain, led to weigh ing the more informative of the two in the fields of the country’s military, government, economy, social hierarchy, and roles of men and women during the rule of Queen Elizabeth I or Queen Victoria; the Elizabethan Age and the Victorian Age named after them respectivelyRead MoreAlice in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll981 Words   |  4 Pagesan incredible masterpiece filled with nonsense literature about a young girl named Alice Liddell, who follows â€Å"a White Rabbit with pink eyes† (Carroll) down a rabbit hole and finds herself in the world of Wonderland. Intrigued with this realm, she continues forward to discover what adventures awaited her through the Mad Hatter’s tea party, and the Queen of Hearts’ court. The connection with Marxism and this novel is how Queen Victoria ruled at the time this story was written, and few believe it reflectsRead MoreEssay on Queen Victoria1988 Words   |  8 PagesDawning of a new age- Queen Victoria The Early Life of Queen Victoria Queen Victoria, the well-known Queen of England did not start out as some would expect. Her Grandfather, King George the third of England had fifteen children, his third child was The Duke of Kent, Queen Victorias father. The Duke of Kent married Princess Victoria of Saxe- Coburg- Gotha. Later they had a baby girl together on May twenty- fourth eighteen- nineteen. They christened her as Alexandrina Victoria. Her childhood was notRead MoreVictorian Wedding Traditions Essay931 Words   |  4 Pagessocial values that that the Queen wished to renounce, while on the other hand, such occasions were viewed as having national and collective significance† (Rosenberg 98). Love played a very tiny role in the Victorian Era marriages. An engagement was more approached as a business deal. Once married all possessions went to the husband as property. Anatolyevna emphasizes how â€Å"Victorian weddings should be transformed from a formalized procedure to a ce lebration, a holiday for a young couple in honor of theirRead MoreQueen Victori A New Form Of British Monarchy And Sovereign2238 Words   |  9 PagesVictorian became Queen of England. During her reign beginning in the early middle 19th century and lasting till the early 20th century, she issued in a new era, known as the Victorian era that helped to shape her reign and British society. Queen Victoria’s relationship with the people closest to her throughout her life helped to mold and shape her ideas and thoughts that affected her reign politically, economically, and culturally. Queen Victoria was born as Alexandrina Victoria in Kensington Palace

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Play in the Preschool Classroom free essay sample

The article I chose to read is called â€Å"Play in the Preschool Classroom: Its Socioemotional Significance and the Teacher’s Role in Play.† This article is about the emotional and social developmental value at play in the early childhood classroom. It also questions about the developmental benefits of play. The article also discusses the role teachers could play in making play a developmental and educational experience. There are many different ways that children’s play can be categorized. It can be creativity, adaptation, exploration, experimentation, learning, communication, socialization, acculturation, and mastery play. Play helps children build and extend their knowledge and skills, as they interact with their environment, others and on their own. When children engage in play, they choose how and what to play by using their imagination. They engage in pretense, and are not concerned with the outcomes as they are with how they are playing. Sociodramatic or pretend play makes-up about two-thirds of all pretend play in preschool. We will write a custom essay sample on Play in the Preschool Classroom or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In this type of play, children take on the roles played by others. Sociodramatic play themes fall into three categories. They are family, character, and functional. Sociodramatic play helps the development and promotion of children’s socioemotional skills. It requires the capacities for reflecting before acting, sensing the perspective of others, and emotional understanding and regulations. It also helps children understand other people’s emotions. There are two types of teacher involvement during play: outside the flow and inside the flow. When a teacher is outside the flow, their involvement is meant to prompt reflection, and may lead to the modification and extension of play. When a teacher is inside the flow of play, they take on a role of participant, and can communicate to extend play. The communication with the children is direct and unmediated. When the teacher is either on the inside or outside of the flow, they play several roles: an observer and recorder, stage manager and facilitator, mediator, or participant. I agree with Godwin’s perspective on the significance of play for early childhood learning, and the teacher’s roles. It is so important for children to learn to play at such an early age because it can help them learn how to deal with people, and emotions later on in life. I am a teacher in a preschool for three year olds. Whether play is used to promote learning and development, really does depend on the teacher’s beliefs, practices, and context. I have known preschool teachers, who very rarely let their children play throughout the day. I personally believe that children lose interest in a lesson if there is no play involved. I feel like the best way for teacher’s to get involved in children’s play is to be a mediator and a participant in play. I believe it is the best way to get on the students level, and teach them as well. For example, if I’m teaching a lesson on fish, during free play time, I will help the children set-up a pretend fishing trip. Some children can play the fisherman, and some can play the fish. Everyone will get a turn to play all the different roles. In the process, they are learning everything they can about fisherman and fish, and having fun. I feel like this article can be applied to me professionally because I am a teacher in an early childhood classroom. I read something’s in this article that I did not know about children, and the significance of play and learning. I will use this information while making my lesson plans and prompting pretend play.

Saturday, April 18, 2020

The Role of Organizational Behavior in Management

Introduction Workforce diversity is a critical provision in numerous organizations. Evidently, various companies have implemented varying strategies to effectively address the challenges of this phenomenon. While referring to the best practices, used by Emirates Airlines, numerous strategies emerge. The first strategy is to recognize and appreciate all forms of distinctiveness within the workforce (Morgan and Vardy 87).Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on The Role of Organizational Behavior in Management specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Contextually, employee vitality is a significant provision within an organization. Concurrently, organizational behavior studies individualized characters of the staff. It also illuminates on the effects of such characters to the development of the organization. The significance of managing cultural diversity is evident in the hospitality industry. Having researched more abou t it, this paper describes the role of organizational behavior in management. It also explains how diversity in organizations affects the management of a multicultural workforce. Emirates Airlines has been used in this context as the organization of reference. Evidently, the airline industry experiences high rate of international mobility. It is apparent that the management has to establish innovative strategies to deal with the cultural diversity issues (Brotherton 11). The basic rationale for management of cultural diversity is to enable smooth and effective business operations. Appropriate management of diversity creates a sense of tolerance and understanding amongst the stakeholders (Acevedo 34). Additionally, its effective management enhances an organization’s competitiveness, productivity and profitability. This is because the instances of conflicts are greatly minimized. Generally, firms that embrace effective organizational behaviors and viable cultural diversity mana gement techniques have a high competitive edge. Review of the Literature Evidently, workforce diversity is a critical provision in vast contexts. It is notable that various companies have implemented different strategies to effectively address the challenges and opportunities of this phenomenon. While referring to the best practices (used by Emirates Airlines as the case company), numerous strategies emerge. The first strategy is to recognize and appreciate all forms of distinctiveness within the workforce (Morgan and Vardy 123). This has helped in addressing the challenges and opportunities of workplace diversity with effectiveness in Emirates Airlines. Such distinctiveness can be harnessed to promote prosperity and expansion of the company.Advertising Looking for research paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In this context, diversity acts as an opportunity, which an organization can utilize to prosp er tremendously. Additionally, challenges faced in operations, market trends, business prosperity, and future growth can be handled effectively. This is only possible when diverse, qualitative, and novel opinions among employees are utilized profitably. It is feasible to have numerous options for handling various challenges within an organization. Hence, a focused organization should appreciate and enhance diversity within its premises as evident in the Emirate Airlines’ case. This will help in handling challenges and opportunities within an organization. In the context of organizational behavior, another evident strategy used by Emirates Airlines is the eradication of discriminative acts within the organization. Discrimination leads to demoralization of employees with a consequent reduction in productivity, job satisfaction, and organization’s output. Treating every employee fairly is important in enhancing efficiency and job commitment (Grà ¶schl 99). Additionally, it is crucial to train employees on the importance of diversity within the workforce and how it can be harnessed for the betterment of the company. Evidently, employees need each other in order to grow, attain their objectives, and propel the company into prosperity. Training employees to realize this provision is an important phenomenon. It makes them think differently and start valuing each other for mutual benefits. This describes the role of organizational behavior in the management of an organization. It also explains how diversity in Emirates Airlines impacts the management of its multicultural organization. Concurrently, the company embraces equality and fair remuneration in its operations. This is meant to enhance impartiality and eliminate prejudicial acts within the organization. Providing employees with equal treatments regardless of their racial, culture, age, religious, and sexual orientations is critical and considerable (Shakhray 42). Employees should also be paid fai rly. Previously, women were paid less than men, even if their job specifications were similar. This is no longer the case in companies, which embrace diversity. This has helped in motivating employees hence using this provision as an opportunity to prosper.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on The Role of Organizational Behavior in Management specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Motivated employees are quite productive, as indicated earlier. It is important to pay employees based on their qualifications, job specifications, and roles assumed rather their cultures, races, sexes, and other prejudicial provisions. This has helped in addressing the challenges and opportunities of workplace diversity with value. Another evident strategy is the fair recruitment and staffing of employees. This helps in getting the best and qualified staff regardless of another discriminative status. Most local and globalized organizati ons execute their recruitments and staffing activities transparently to avoid mishaps and undue favors (Groschi 99). This has allowed potential women to attain lucrative jobs and positions in numerous organizations based on their merits, capabilities and qualifications. This occurs regardless of age, race, and physical disabilities. Additionally, promotions are also handled fairly and only deserving candidates are promoted. This describes the role of organizational behavior in the management. It also explains how diversity in Emirates Airlines impacts the management of its multicultural organization. Interpersonal skills are vital in this context since they enhance exchange of ideas and coordination of duties. Such skills, if majored on, will enable the stakeholders Emirates Airline to establish effective relationships and build trust. This concept has been applicable in the Emirate’s Airlines concept. Linguistic ability will assist the organization to establish contact (Acev edo 91). Corporations within the hospitality sector should also encourage their workers to gain the motivation of living overseas. This enhances their cultural curiosity, which is a vital recipe for successful adaptation. The capacity of an organization as well as its employees to develop tolerance during uncertainties or ambiguities is critical. Global managers within the sector ought to develop the capacity to deal with multiple perspectives any time. The management system should also be flexible to contain such transformations in cultures and act as a role model.Advertising Looking for research paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Through organizational behavior, an individual requires the aspects of self-understanding in order to formulate how he or she can adjust to the changing environments with precision, appropriateness, and the desired relevancy. This will help in self-actualization, satisfaction, and creativity to avoid the looming life challenges that might affect an individual, group, or an organization with stringent adversities in the realms of performance. As proved by the study (regarding Emirates Airlines), individuals react differently to varied situations, thus indicating the differing levels of resilience witnessed in diverse contexts (Phillips and Gully 124). The sources used in this context are credible due to their well-researched concepts, credible authors, and relevancy in the context of organizational behavior and diversity management. Methodology The methodology used in this study was qualitative. It was based on personal experience with the organization. Additionally, it incorporated analysis of the secondary data already existing. It vastly discusses the aspects of organizational behavior and diversity management within Emirates Airlines. The report is provided after execution of an extensive study through application of clear guidelines and procedures from the initial stages to completion. As a preamble, the topic was developed by identifying the need to evaluate the contribution of adopting credible organizational behavior and cultural diversity management. Qualitative methodology is critical since the techniques are integral in enhancing communication and facilitating superior execution of activities. The research adopted purposive research technique/method that holds requisite incentives to ensure the realization of credible results. Qualitative technique was relevant in ensuring that the purposive nature of the study (to establish the impacts of organizational behavior and viable diversity management in Emirate Airlines) is achieved. This research went thr ough credible research design, literature review, primary data collection, data compilation, analysis, and derivation of the intended findings. The discrete data were collected from both males and females that operate within the organization and those who have experienced its management in regard to cultural diversity and organizational behavior. The age of the respondents varied from 22- 65. Concurrently, races differed considerably so as to experience how different races perceived Emirates Airlines. The job status also varied from mere cleaning officers to credible managers of the company. No questionnaires or structured interview forms were used since this was not a quantitative methodology. According to Merrigan and Huston (2009, 45), qualitative research technique provided the researcher with superior study mechanism that is relevant in executing investigations with well-orchestrated objectives. The technique ensures that the purposive nature of the topic under study is underst ood adequately. This will help in identifying viable sampling techniques, including respondent identification and delivery of credible information. The analysis of the experiences and the secondary resources used to facilitate this report revealed that implementing credible diversity management provisions requires absolute dedication and determination of various stakeholders in institutions. The realization of highly functional cultural diversity that fosters individual’s performance and communication requires eradication of inconsistent prejudicial practices that may compromise quality and harmonious coexistence within the company. Discussion Individual dynamism and workforce prowess are a critical phenomenon within an organization. It is crucial to adjust appropriately to the challenging situations that might engulf an organization. This is advisable to ensure that the attitude, approach, and performance of individuals remain apposite and competitive within the organization . Precisely, the matter considers the aspects of resilience at an individual’s level in the context of organizational behavior and diversity. Nonetheless, the fact is also necessary and applicable at group or organizational level. Individuals, factions, and corporations must be resilient enough in order to cope with the challenging macro-environmental situations. This describes the role of organizational behavior in the management of a firm. It also explains how diversity in Emirates Airlines impacts the management of its multicultural organization. Concurrently, prosperous organizations (Emirates Airlines in this context) have employed equality and fair remuneration, treatment, and opportunities to their employees regardless of racial distinctiveness. Providing employees with equal treatments regardless of their racial, cultural, age, religious, and sexual orientations is critical and considerable (Shakhray 134). For instance, previously, women were paid less than men, even if their job specifications were similar. This is no longer the case in Emirates Airlines, which embrace diversity. This has helped in motivating employees hence using this provision as an opportunity to prosper. Motivated employees are quite productive as indicated earlier. It is important to pay employees based on their qualifications, job specifications, and roles they assume. This has helped in addressing the challenges and opportunities of workplace diversity with value (Grà ¶schl 32). Another evident strategy, which emirates Airlines use to enhance establish viable organizational behavior so as to manage its cultural diversity is the fair recruitment and staffing of employees. This helps in getting the best and qualified staff regardless of their discriminative status. Most local and globalized organizations execute their recruitments and staffing activities transparently to avoid mishaps and undue favors (Grà ¶schl 98). This has allowed potential women to attain lucrative j obs and positions in this organization based on their merits, capabilities, and qualifications. This occurs regardless of age, race, and physical disabilities. Additionally, promotions are also handled fairly and only deserving candidates are promoted. Cultural diversity is a challenge to both individuals and companies. Most organizations within the culturally-sensitive industries have taken drastic policy initiatives. A policy herein refers to a statement or procedures that guide the stakeholders within organizations on how responsibilities should be conducted. Foremost, successful organizations apply diversity within their workforce to gain competitive advantages. Organizations have adopted policies that increase the cultural variety within their workforce. These have augmented the benefits of having workers of diverse backgrounds within these companies. To enhance their competitive advantage, recruit diversity has been a basic policy for most companies. Under this policy, the com panies have actively searched for employment persons from an array of cultural backgrounds (Marx 117). Emirates Airlines has also adopted policies that stimulate understanding of diversity benefits. In this regard, the management has used training programs to elucidate on the advantages of adopting diverse ideas within the organization. Additionally, trainings on brainstorming approaches have been incorporated. Teamwork policies have been critical in most culturally diverse organizations. When adequately incorporated, the policy helps to develop the feeling and spirit of unity as well as togetherness towards a collective goal. In teamwork, the objective for a collective goal overrides the diversity of members. This forms a quality recipe for competitive advantage within organizations. The vision statements as well as corporate policies should be sound and solid to enhance competitiveness amidst cultural diversity (Anca and Vazquez 45). The corporate vision statement ought to be cons tructed in a manner that reflects the organization’s commitment to cultural diversity. This should be backed up by a powerful vision. The company’s time-off policies should also prop up cultural uniqueness for holidays as well as religious observances. Other policies should also outline the training of managers on cultural diversity sensitivity. Conclusion The steady globalization trends, cultural diversity, demographic transformation patterns, and labor structures pose immense challenges to the management of Emirates Airlines. It is clear that understanding and controlling diversity through viable organizational behavior is critical to Emirates Airlines. Diversity offers enormous opportunities as well as benefits to organizations. To achieve a competitive edge, several cultural barriers, including communication obstacles, discrimination as well as stereotypes must be overcome. To increase knowledge and sensitivity on cultural diversity management, appropriate training schedule must be designed and carried out within the sector. This (among other provisions discussed earlier) describes the role of organizational behavior in the management of the company. It also explains how diversity in Emirates Airlines impacts the management provisions of its multicultural organization. Works Cited Acevedo, Laura. Strategies for Culture Diversity in the Workplace. 2012. Web. Anca, Celia and Vega A. VaÃŒ zquez. Managing Diversity in the Global Organization: Creating Business Values. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006. Print. Brotherton, Bob. The International Hospitality Industry: Structure, Characteristics and Issues. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2003. Print Gröschl, Stefan. Diversity in the Workplace: Multi-disciplinary and International Perspectives. Farnham: Gower, 2011. Print. Marx, Elisabeth. Breaking Through Culture Shock: What You Need to Succeed in International Business. London: Nicholas Brealey, 1999. Print. Morgan, John and Felix Vardy. D iversity in the Workplace. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund, 2006. Print. Phillips, Jean and Stanley M. Gully. Organizational Behavior: Tools for Success. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning, 2012. Print. This research paper on The Role of Organizational Behavior in Management was written and submitted by user Isai Hardin to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Saturday, March 14, 2020

The Great Depression of the 1930s Essays

The Great Depression of the 1930s Essays The Great Depression of the 1930s Essay The Great Depression of the 1930s Essay THE GREAT DEPRESSION OF THE 1930S In the 1930s, the United States lived a terrible economic period. But, before the Stock Market Crash, of 1929 the USA lived the best economic period. This was a prosperous period with many economics? advances. But, everyone feltBlack Friday?, during October with the Crash of 1929, which started a crisis not only in the United States, but also around the world. The reason that this occur was that the United States had stopped exportation and this affected some countries good relations with the USA. Capitalisms, along with the political system that the USA possessed, as a big powerful nation of the world, decayed. Unemployment went up considerably 11% around the world. In the United States the total number of people without work was at four millions in 1930, then in 1931 eight million and 12 million in 1932 . There was not enough work for all the people. The exportations market reduced because the lack of money. During the 19 20s the credits were one of the best innovations in the USA, but they had to be suspended. The 60% off all cars and 80% off all radios were bought with credits. In 1925 the amount of credit was from 1.38 billon dollars and in 1929 this increased considerably. The debt was of 3 billions dollars . Other industries like the automobile industries their sales went down and in general the industries produced the middle that they produced before the Stock Market Crash. The banks lived the worst consequences of the Depression. All the credits that had not been pay, affected the situation. With the debts, that had accumulated, the banks did not have another option better than demand, but the demands did not make effects and the interests continued rising. The deflation reached to big levels during the Great Depression. The prizes fell about 50% . Finally six thousand banks crashed. All these big sales falls originated because the economics? politic that USA de

Thursday, February 27, 2020

Environment and Economic Geography Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words

Environment and Economic Geography - Essay Example In the twenty first-century most of the national and international issues are governed by environmental challenges which require thorough understanding of the economics of environment. This century will be an era of many losses, remarkable changes and cosmologic differences, but it is conceivable that societies will successfully make the transition from goals of economic growth, as already experienced in the twentieth century, to the goals of maintaining and increasing suitable well being. The influence of the environment on economic geography was found neglected and remained untouched until Paul Krugman re-established the field by publishing his short monograph " Geography and Trade" in 1991. He showed how mathematical tools known from modern models of international trade theory can be used to explain the distribution of economic activity in geographical space. Aspects of environment on which we depend (most often soil, water and atmosphere) become damaged, polluted (poisoned) and depleted. Modern intensive agriculture changes the composition and ecology of soil and water systems, as well as affecting nitrogen and carbon cycle in the environment. The changing environmental phenomenon creates new vistas for developmental and constructive mechanisms on one side and restricts the human economic activity on another. Thereby the environmental carrying capacity is being influenced. The changes in the environmental parameters may be either beneficial or detrimental to the present and future ecological world and economic scenario, which can very well be categorized in two distinct forms. The planet earth which is unique for presence of life in our solar system is directly and indirectly getting influenced by the supremacy of the most evolutionary-creature called "Man" i.e. Homo sapiens and the equlibria that had existed since inception, are now getting imbalanced due to exploitative activities of human beings. Unrestricted use of fossil fuels, injudicious application of pesticides and chemical fertilizers, rampant deforestation, rapid industrialization, ever growing global population and radioactive warfare have many reasons for changing the wave length of this living earth from green to red in the visual spectrum. a) Carbon Dioxide Concentration and Global worming: The concentration of carbon dioxide is increasing at geometric progression primarily because of the dependency on the non-renewable form of bio-fuels as more than 80 percent of the global energy demand is met from this source and secondarily due to the exhalation of the animal kingdom. The effect of which is remarkable from the increase in the mean global temperature, which we designated as global worming. The increase in carbon dioxide concentration in one hand will definitely help in better photosynthesis resulting in increased assimilation but in other hand, increased concentration leads to acid rains, which restrict crop growth and severely affect the final yield. Instances of total extinction of established forests have also been observed due to acid rain. The emission of sulphur dioxide has also increased alarmingly in industrialized nations and particularly in North America and Europe. The result of which